What is Cloud Technology and Cloud Computing?


The system of storing all your information, data, programs and applications on a virtual server is called cloud computing or cloud technology. Cloud computing is an internet-based information technology that can be accessed and used at any time wherever there is access to the internet with computers and other information devices, as well as providing a great advantage by using it without the need for installation. Cloud computing is a service, not a product.

Who Uses Cloud Technology?

In fact, we have all started using cloud technology without realizing it. If you use an online service to send e-mail, watch movies or TV, listen to music, store pictures or other files, the infrastructure for all of these is provided by cloud computing. Many organizations such as small businesses, global companies and organizations, government agencies have adopted cloud technology for different purposes.

Cloud computing means more storage space, faster data transfer and cost savings. With the cloud, which saves labor and time and allows data to be secure, data storage becomes easier for large companies.

Cloud computing is claimed to shape the future of the Internet. In this case, computer hard disks will be replaced by online clouds. With the development of this sector, it is argued that competition may cause legal problems. This is because the transformation of all these information-processing applications into an online infrastructure raises the danger of privacy. It carries the danger of unauthorized access to personal information or unauthorized sharing of information.

Cloud Computing Deployment Models

Cloud technology appears with different systems in different fields. In cloud computing, which currently has 4 different models, these models differ according to the way and areas of use. Public Cloud (public cloud) is mostly used by small and medium-sized companies.

Private Cloud is a model used by large companies with larger data. Security and privacy are at a high level in access. Hybrid Cloud, another modeling, is actually a combination of Public and Private models. Merger rates vary according to the volume of companies. Finally, the cloud model that several companies use jointly is the Community Cloud.

What are the main differences between cloud computing models (public cloud, private cloud, hybrid cloud and community cloud)?

Differences between Public Cloud and Private Cloud

Cloud computing models are based on public and private clouds. The public cloud offers multi-user support on the common infrastructure used by service providers. Private cloud, on the other hand, provides services on server and network structures that belong only to a specific organization and can only be used by that organization. In the public cloud, users share resources within the limits and conditions set by the service provider, while in the private cloud, users can access a customized structure that provides more flexibility and security.

Hybrid Cloud Features

The hybrid cloud model combines public and private clouds, allowing users to gain certain advantages in terms of resources, security and flexibility. By using private cloud spaces for prioritized and sensitive data operations, businesses have a trusted and secure environment. At the same time, they can take advantage of budgetary advantages by using public cloud spaces, which offer lower cost and faster access, for lower priority operations.

Community Cloud Models

Another model, the community cloud, offers a structure that is open to the common use of multiple organizations and aims to produce solutions by collaborating within the framework of similar goals or requirements. In this structure, it is possible for participants to access common services and solutions by cooperating within the framework of certain norms and policies. Community clouds provide the opportunity to produce more effective and harmonized solutions by sharing information and resources, especially between government agencies and/or businesses in similar sectors.

In conclusion, the main differences between public, private, hybrid and community cloud models are that they offer different advantages in terms of shareability, customization, flexibility, security and cost, depending on the needs and purposes of their users. By comparing these models, businesses can operate more efficiently and effectively in cloud computing by using the structure that best suits their needs.

What are the Advantages of Cloud Technology?

Cloud systems provide fast ease of use with APIs. It provides more storage space, faster data transfer and more cost savings. Companies that provide cloud software and computing services are more secure than the main computer because they apply software and hardware high-level security to the servers where the data is kept.

Cloud technology, which saves us from the problems of file storage and access to stored files, enables more active and efficient use of smart technologies in the middle of our lives and we can access the data we want without being dependent on any platform.

What are the Disadvantages of Cloud Technology?

The high number of security vulnerabilities may mean that users risk their data and privacy. Since the infrastructure is completely connected to the Internet, an internet connection is required to access the data. At the same time, the speed of data exchange is directly proportional to the internet speed. In this case, the data transfer speed of users with slow internet connections will also be very slow.

There may be a narrowing of the field of work for Information Technology (IT) specialists. The decrease in software and hardware maintenance and repair costs as a result of the development of the services provided is likely to lead to this situation. Cloud computing, with its paid and free options, has taken its place among the technologies that make our lives easier.

Companies investing in this service require large costs and hardware if they want to install the system in their own organization. Since the costs are affordable in every respect, it is seen as the most logical option to benefit from the service through renting.

What are the potential privacy and security risks of cloud computing?

The proliferation and development of cloud computing services raises privacy and security concerns. In this context, we can list the potential risks of cloud computing as follows:

Data Security: Cloud computing requires users’ data to be stored on online servers. This may bring security issues such as unauthorized access, theft, destruction or loss of data.

Breaches of Privacy: When sharing data with cloud service providers, sensitive information of individual and corporate users may be compromised by software bugs or malicious attacks.

Inadequate System Control: Cloud computing reduces users’ control over hardware and software. This can make it unclear whether the service provider has taken adequate measures to ensure security.

Firewall Breach: During data transfer in cloud computing, there is a possibility that the firewall may be breached and the security of the systems may be compromised.

Misuse of Service: Misuse of cloud services may result in malicious software entering information systems and compromising security.

Access Problems: Users may have difficulty accessing the data on cloud computing due to an interrupted internet connection, server problems of the service provider or other technical failures.

Legal Responsibilities: Responsibilities within the framework of legal regulations and standards on data retention periods, data backup policies and data security in cloud computing may lead to problems between users and service providers.

Compatibility Issues: Cloud computing infrastructure may create compatibility issues between different platforms and standards. This may have undesirable consequences in terms of data portability and flexibility.

In conclusion, the potential risks of cloud computing in terms of privacy and security are important considerations for users and service providers. In order to avoid these risks and to ensure the trust of users, it is of utmost importance that the security measures and governance practices used in cloud computing are constantly updated and effective.

Is there a fundamental difference between cloud computing and cloud technology?

Cloud Computing and Cloud Technology Concepts

Cloud computing and cloud technology are common terms in the ever-evolving fields of computing and technology. It is useful to examine both terms to understand whether there is a fundamental difference between the two.

Definition and Characteristics of Cloud Computing

Cloud computing is a technology delivered over the internet that enables users to access servers, storage, applications and services from anywhere. Thanks to shared and scalable resources, users use only what they need and pay for it. This enables faster, flexible and cost-effective services without large investments.

Definition and Characteristics of Cloud Technology

Cloud technology is the infrastructure and technical components that enable the provision, management and delivery of such services. The services offered by cloud computing are actually created by the use of this technology. Within the scope of cloud technology, server and storage structures, network components, software and security measures should be considered.

The Main Difference Between the Two

The main difference between the concepts of cloud computing and cloud technology is the following: Cloud computing is the process of making certain services and applications available to end users. Cloud technology refers to the technical and infrastructural elements required to realize these services. In other words, cloud computing refers to the services that end users benefit from, while cloud technology refers to the infrastructure and resources that make these services possible.


In conclusion, there is a fundamental difference between cloud computing and cloud technology. While cloud computing refers to the benefits and methods offered by services and applications, cloud technology relates to the technical and infrastructural systems that enable the provision and management of these services. Therefore, it is important to evaluate and use both concepts separately.

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